what is a metabolic syndrome

what is a metabolic syndrome
what is a metabolic syndrome

What is a metabolic syndrome? The metabolic syndrome is a collective name for various diseases and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The Greek term “metabolically” means something like a metabolic syndrome.This is called a syndrome when different symptoms occur at the same time (= symptom complex), but each of which can have a different cause.

symptoms or syndromes

  • strong overweight with mostly belly-stressed fat deposition (obesity)
  • high blood pressure
  • elevated blood sugar level (disturbed sugar metabolism in the form of insulin insensitivity or resistance)
  • disturbed fat metabolism
  • increased uric acid
  • low-grade inflammation
  • increased blood clotting
  • endothelial dysfunction


  • Since the side effects are normally the aftereffect of a cutting-edge way of life with minimal physical movement and gorging, one talks about luxuriousness diseases. Because of the expanded mortality of those influenced called the elements engaged with the metabolic disorder additionally “lethal group of four”.
  • Any of the four side effects or disorders of the Metabolic Syndrome can harm the veins and increment the danger of cardiovascular disease. Because various metabolic disorders happen all the while, the danger of cardiovascular ailment increments once more.
  • In India, around 30-35% of the populace experience the ill effects of a metabolic disorder, and the pattern is rising. In the expansion, there is an underreporting of unrecognized cases. Both genders affected similarly. Most frequently, more than the 60s build up a metabolic disorder, however, an expanding number of kids and teenagers additionally experience the ill effects of the illness.

What is a metabolic syndrome? : Causes & risk factors

what is a metabolic syndrome
what is a metabolic syndrome

The main reason that the metabolic syndrome is increasingly occurring in our society is unhealthy eating and eating habits. The following factors may contribute to the development of a metabolic syndrome:

  • Overweight
  • too little physical exercise
  • too fat and cholesterol food
  • increased alcohol consumption
  • increased salt consumption
  • Smoke
  • Stress for a long time
  • Diseases such. B. biliary obstruction, kidney or liver disease, a long and severe hypothyroidism, diabetes mellitus
  • Treatment with certain medications or hormones, eg. As corticosteroids, diuretics, beta-blockers, antidepressants or neuroleptics

what is a metabolic syndrome? : overweight

what is a metabolic syndrome
what is a metabolic syndrome
  • Particularly overweight people are in danger of developing a metabolic syndrome because it expands the hazard of hypertension, lifted blood lipid levels, and hoisted blood sugar. Being overweight is typically the situation when the body gets more vitality than it needs.
  •  A fatty eating regimen subsequently in itself advances the improvement of fat tissue.This causes a “habituation impact” in the body cells on the expanded insulin levels (insulin harshness or protection) and the body must deliver much more insulin for ideal effect.The expanded insulin levels in the blood, thusly, increment the sentiment hunger and in this way advance the advancement of corpulence.
  • Especially obtuse is insulin protection (insulin protection) of the greasy tissue of the stomach hole (stomach fat), on the grounds that fat tissue is a hormonal tissue whose cells communicate with the liver or the musculature via flagging substances, for example, free fatty acids or adiponectin Fat layer the insulin activity, this influencesHeart, liver, muscles, and arteries and advances the improvement of sort 2 diabetes, lipid digestion issue, and high blood pressure.
  • Another possible reason for stoutness or the metabolic disorder is lipid digestion disorders. The body can never again adequately use blood fats and lessen abundance fat. This prompts an expanded fixation of cholesterol, impartial fats ( triglycerides ) and protein-bound fats, the lipoproteins, in the blood.

One distinguishes between:

  • Hypercholesterolemia, where levels of LDL cholesterol are elevated,
  • Hypertriglyceridemia, in which the concentration of neutral fats is increased,
  • Hyperlipidemia, in which LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels are elevated
  • Dyslipoproteinemia, which reduces HDL cholesterol, increases triglycerides and makes LDL cholesterol particularly small and dense.

First, increased blood lipid levels do not cause any external symptoms. If, however, increased levels of blood are present in the blood for a long time, they can cause deposits in the blood vessels (arteriosclerosis) and high blood pressure.

what is a metabolic syndrome? : Education & hereditary factors

  • Frequently, the foundation for a later metabolic syndrome is already laid in childhood. In many cases, eating habits that have been learned incorrectly will in many cases persist for a lifetime and represent a risk factor for the development of weight problems. Children of obese parents are more likely to become overweight themselves later on.
  • Hypertension and lipid metabolism disorders can also be inherited: It is estimated that about 3% of lipid metabolism disorders are genetically determined. In this form (familial hypercholesterolemia) relatives are at an increased risk of contracting as well.

Psychic components

  • Mental problems can also increase the risk of obesity. Some people compensate for psychological problems and overeating conflicts and are at particular risk of becoming overweight.

what is a metabolic syndrome? :  Prevention of the metabolic syndrome

  • If a patient develops a disease from the metabolic complex of symptoms, special caution. Together with his doctor, the person concerned should initiate countermeasures as early as possible in order to avoid aggravating the symptoms or to add further signs of illness. Patients with high blood pressure, obesity, or elevated levels of blood lipids or blood glucose should permanently change their lifestyle and pay attention to their diet. Only then can they reduce their personal risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke.

Therefore, it is very important that patients eat consciously and balanced, move regularly and abstain from nicotine and too much alcohol.

The following measures have proven effective in high-risk patients:

  • Weight loss by 5-7% within 3 months
  • Minnimum2.5 hours of physical activity per week
  • At least 15 grams of fibrous fiber per 1000 kilocalories
  • At most 30% fat in the diet
  • Not more than 7-10% saturated fat in the daily diet

Patients who meet these requirements may have secondary diseases, such as As the onset of diabetes, almost always prevent. It is important to regularly check these measures by a doctor. By measuring your blood pressure, waist circumference and body mass index, he can easily and conveniently judge the success of the measures.

read more: Investigations and diagnosis of metabolic syndrome


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